How to prevent allergies in spring

Far from improving spontaneously without proper treatment, allergy symptoms worsen year after year. And most remember the condition once they suffer it again: sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, ocular itching, tearing, photophobia, sleep disorders and therefore, reduced performance and lack of concentration, among others. Therefore, it is important to note that allergy, in many cases, can be prevented and in others, its effects can be minimized with preventive medication.

“A seasonal allergy must be evaluated and treated by a certified allergy specialist. Knowing in advance which pollen they are allergic to, one can opt for the administration of prophylactic medication from about 10 days before the start of pollination. And for those who have symptoms severe, it is undoubtedly proven that the best option is immunotherapy with the pollen that affects them, since it will allow them to stop having these symptoms in the following years “, explains the doctor Jorge Morepero (MN: 67994), specialist in Allergy and Immunology and medical director of the CIDEA Foundation (Research Center for Allergic and Respiratory Diseases).

And he adds: “What I recommend to patients is that when they have an allergic reaction they do not self-medicate because it must always be the doctor who decides what type of antihistamine or another type of drug is appropriate for each patient, evaluating age, the type and severity of the disease you suffer from, the efficacy and potential risks of the treatment. “

With regard to the youngest, Máspero suggests that when faced with a mild condition, you should consult a pediatrician. In the event that the condition is severe or prolonged in time, consultation with a specialist in child allergy should be discussed with the attending pediatrician. “Parents who had or have a condition of this type tend to realize it quickly. On the other hand, if a mother never had an allergy, it may happen that her little one has symptoms that she cannot interpret, that is why early medical consultation is essential before any a situation that raises doubts, because the pediatrician will be able to help the mother to realize if it is an allergy or not. “

During the spring, visits for allergies increase and the main triggers are the presence of tree pollens and a high concentration of grass pollen (different types of grass). “70% of patients have rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis simultaneously. 25% have only rhinitis and 5% predominantly ocular symptoms. We must not forget that many asthmatics have simultaneous allergic rhinitis and that both conditions can worsen if there is an allergy to pollen and exposure to it “, warns the specialist.

“Pollens are dispersed by the wind. While bananas are often blamed by patients for their symptoms because they produce fluff with spicules that irritate the eyes and nose, they are not always the cause of allergy. In fact, other pollens such as bananas conifers, elm, maple and ash are as or more important causes of allergy than banana pollen. It is not uncommon to have allergies to different pollens, for example, trees and grasses (grasses) that pollinate successively increasing severity and duration of symptoms. Without a doubt, allergy to grasses is the most prevalent but the frequency and severity of each type of allergy to pollen vary according to the geographical areas of the country “, details.

Allergy is a condition caused by hypersensitivity mechanisms. Hypersensitivity is an exaggerated, misplaced reaction that occurs when the body encounters stimuli or agents that are otherwise harmless, such as pollen. The reactions are clinically manifested in a varied and different way, not only from person to person but also at different stages of the life of the same person.

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CIDEA Foundation (Research Center for Allergic and Respiratory Diseases)

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