A study carried out in 2013, in the Province of Buenos Aires, determined that only 28.3% of adolescents between 13 and 18 years old eat four meals a day and only 36% eat breakfast.
The survey was conducted by the Center for Studies in Child Nutrition and Development and the main conclusion was the inconsistency in eating habits in the majority of young people.
Only a quarter of those surveyed eat the food groups indicated for their age and in the corresponding amounts. That is, the vast majority of adolescents do not consume on a daily basis and in the portions stipulated for their development and growth, foods such as: dairy products, fruits and vegetables, meats and eggs, and oils.
In this sense, the foods favored by the youngest are those that do not have nutritional properties such as sweets and sugary soft drinks, which are consumed weekly in a very high percentage and with a frequency of 73% and 62% respectively. But in addition to the type of food selected, eating routines represent one of the biggest problems in this age group. Only 36% eat breakfast on a daily basis and the privileged meal for 89% of boys between the ages of 13 and 18 is dinner. Lunch ranks second, with 81% and snack third with 55%.
Breakfast seems to be the great absent from the eating habits of young people from Buenos Aires. The arguments given by the surveyed students were mainly the “lack of habit” of eating four meals a day and a second reason was the “lack of time”. In this framework, young people have not naturalized since childhood the habit of having breakfast, lunch, snack and dinner as a fundamental behavior to guarantee a good diet for the present and with future projection for good health and good health. prevention of diseases in adulthood.
The current generations are marked by the absence of order and adequate structure in the diet. At present, Argentina is the second country in the world, behind Japan, in the number of people who suffer from eating disorders associated with anorexia and bulimia, especially in adolescents.
The objective of this research was to investigate, detect and analyze current eating behaviors in children and thus provide guidelines for the establishment of preventive plans that guide the development of plans aimed at good eating habits, a nutritionally appropriate diet and physical exercise routines. that provide a complementary health model for young Argentines.
Good eating behavior in childhood and adolescence guarantees the development of the present and improves health during adulthood, offering the concrete possibility in the prevention of diseases and the optimization of the quality of life.
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